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26 Jan 2010

Ecole Regionale des Beaux-Arts in Besancon: Copacabana doesn't exist! About the existence of the Rhin Rhone territory

Maxime Brygo, 2009

Copacabana doesn't exist! About the existence of the Rhin Rhône territory
Ecole Regionale des Beaux-arts de Besancon


Opening Jan 28th from 8pm to midnight From 28th January to 26th February 2010 Open from Monday to Friday from 2pm to 7pm (closed from 6th to 23rd February)


00 33 6 73 99 53 24


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Lauriane ARNOUX & Emy BAUER, Gérard COLLIN-THIEBAUT, Delphine BEDEL Neal BEGGS, Ariane BOSSHARD, Maxime BRYGO, Balthasar BURKHARD, Marie José BURKI, Sebastian DIAZ-MORALES, Simon FAITHFULL, Dominique GONZALEZ-FOERSTER, Philippe GRONON, Valentine HAEGEL, Valérie JOUVE, Joo Won LEE, Lisa MILROY, Nicolas MOULIN, Rainer OLDENDORF, Gabor OSZ,Quirine RACKÉ & Helena MUSKENS, David Renaud, Philippe TERRIER-HERMANN, Morgane VIÉ, Bernard VOITA, Kelley WALKER, Ayako YOSHIMURA, Edwin ZWAKMAN

If there is a place where human utopia has been achieved, that place is Copacabana. It is decadence in the poetic sense. The decadence in Copacabana works as a curtain, a protection for everything which happens within. Copacabana doesn't have a centre, nor links with golden youth… It is a sort of oasis for all kinds of… Copacabana is wonderful. It is a wonderful town. Copacabana doesn't exist!

Excerpt from « Plages », a video (2001) by Dominique Gonzalez-Foerster
Collection Fonds Régional d'Art Contemporain de Franche-Comté

This exhibition is the result of work carried out in a workshop of research at the ERBA. It was initiated by Philippe Terrier-Hermann and carried out jointly by students and two artists in residence, Ariane Bosshard, graphic artist, and Maxime Brygo, photographer. The question of creating a Rhône-Rhine agglomeration, utopian conurbation of two million inhabitants, stretching in an arc from Le Creusot to Bâle, including especially Dijon, Besançon and Mulhouse, has been the driving force of this workshop based on the question of how the territory can be represented.

Indeed, isn't this territory for now a mere mental representation? Will not this new entity measuring more than 300 Km in length, with an efficient high speed train network as backbone, exist only for an elite or a limited circle of informed civil servants and elected officials? Does the development scheme take into account all the essential aspirations of the inhabitants in all their diversity? Is grouping of competences in order to establish centres of excellence to exist on an international level compatible with the necessity to preserve social benefits and access to culture. Where are the centre and the boundaries of an agglomeration? How do we represent a new metropolis made up of diverse cities, each having their own specific identity, equally historically as mythically? We have tried to reply to these questions both together and individually and present our diverse research here. Maxime Brygo, in his photographic work attempting to represent this agglomeration has searched for images meaningfully illustrating history and symbols. He questions the subject of identification with a territory, its history and its potential monuments. Two notes, one official, the other descriptive are given to each of these pictures. In this way, Maxime Brygo offers us the chance to dare to assume the position of judge between the image and its potential interpretations; he leaves the images to float in an undefined status. With this body of work, Maxime Brygo asserts that this territory exists in its capacity to link these stories and their representations. As an accompaniment to this research, Ariane Bosshard has reflected on the traceability of this mental territory and on the good way of realizing a book about such a myth. So, she has conceived a black book, a book to elaborate mentally only from what is given to us: the oral description of the pictures. Thus she also plays with the zones of mental construction existing between words and images.

Artists' representation of a territory stimulates possibilities and their perception of these possibilities is potentially utopian. Though attempting to activate a deliberately real territory, artists, through their visions have potentialities for turning them into Utopia (Nicolas Moulin, Bernard Voïta, Edwin Zwakman…). Either by the use of shifting, altering shapes, framing, darkening, … or any odd vision, the works shown here transform our perception of the world and lead us to look at it in another way. Gabor Osz shows a photograph of a beach, normally a place for leisure, in a warlike vision, having converted a bunker into a camera obscura. The virgin Namibian landscape by Balthasar Burkhard offers possibilities. David Renaud and Philippe Terrier-Hermann present maps which, though realistic, are made unusual by their own point of views. Ayako Yoshimura depicts a new territory, between utopia and heterotopy : a hyper megalopolis combining Tokyo, Shanghai, São Paulo, Chicago, New York and Yokohama; Marie-José Burki presents a scan of the Genevan suburbs. A manure heap by Philippe Gronon plays as a counterpoint to three cliché-like landscape paintings by Lisa Milroy. Sébastian Diaz-Morales'movie takes us into unknown and unidentified areas, though real. Simon Faithfull's video showing an abandoned fishing station in the Falkland Islands inhabited again by the native population as well as Neal Beggs' performance about appropriating public spaces suggest an opportunity for hope. Delphine Bedel has travelled the mythical Route 66 from Chicago to Los Angeles, Gérard Collin-Thiébaud has wandered through Corsica and Valérie Jouve has approached Munster by river, rail and road. With 'Celebration', Quirine Racké and Helena Muskens present a town built in 1996 by Disney, which is how a capitalistic firm has seized the concept of Utopia…

Innovation may bring some practical applications contributing to activate some concepts of utopia in its desire of a better 'living together' but it ought to be done in respect of community ideals specific to its genesis. Should utopia be applied thanks to innovations only available for an elite, it would result again in a dead end, in the same way as the one which led to the dismantling of the housing schemes buildings of the 60's and 70's.

Putting in place utopias based on innovation should benefit to everybody, far from the law-and-order drifts of gated communities or other barrio cerrados. These walled residential areas started in the USA, are developing from Buenos Aires to Cape Town and show a worrying rise in Europe. This fantasized Rhine-Rhône metropolis, in which it would take 20 minutes for a Besançon resident to attend an opera in Dijon or for a Belfort inhabitant to be in Mulhouse thanks to high speed trains is surely a pleasing idea, but on the condition that access to the trains should not be challenged by an elitist commercial policy which would again result in a new failure for Utopia. At least, this is the message which seems to be expressed by the artists and their 'territorial' visions!

« Today, the world is too dangerous for anything less than utopia » Richard Buckminster Füller

Works shown in the exhibition belong to institutional collections of Frac Champagne-Ardenne and Frac Franche-Comté and to artists' private collections.